08 Attention

08 Attention - 08 Attention I. Orienting and Attention: a....

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08 Attention I. Orienting and Attention: a. Overt Orienting – paying attention in a way that is observably obvious (behaviorally/cognitively) b. Covert Orienting – paying attention in a way that is not observably obvious (just cognitively) c. Orienting Systems: i. Exogenous – attention is cued by the environment outside of people’s control ii. Endogenous – attention is cued by people completely within their control d. Stimulus Onset Asynchrony (SOA) i. Participants fixate on a center point and then have to respond to where the target is flashed in relation to that point ii. This can either be a valid (cue matches target) or invalid (cue doesn’t match target) trial 1. Exogenous Orienting SOA (short and long SOAs) 2. 3. During the short SOA, the cue acted a draw to people’s attention, so that it would benefit the participant if it matched the target’s position, but disadvantage the participant if it mismatched the target’s position a. Shows that attention is a limited resource
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08 Attention - 08 Attention I. Orienting and Attention: a....

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