Notes (Week1) - East and West Cultures

Notes (Week1) - East and West Cultures - ii. Interdependent...

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Notes I) Differences in Self-concept a. American “self” – seen as bounded, private and separated from others and the social context b. Japanese “self” – seen as flexible, open, and specific to others around them and the social context i. Hypothesized to be more variable (in self-descriptions) across situations ii. Hypothesized to be more globally negative (Japanese norm to self-criticize) c. Functionality of the Self i. Independent Self-construal – the many attributes that one persistently expresses and affirms 1. Traits are seen as transcendent of situation and enduring 2. Traits that are more positive or self themselves apart from the herd (special) are more valued and given more attention
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Unformatted text preview: ii. Interdependent Self-construal relational, contextual attributes that are determined and made to maintain important relationships with others 1. Favorable traits are those that keep one in ones place and help harmonize relationships 2. The person who doesnt act within the demands of a situation is seen as immature 3. Increased sensitivity to falling short of expectations, leading to increased self-criticism a. Knowing ones weaknesses is a valued trait to have II) Studies a. Expected Differences: i. Japanese will be more varied in their self-descriptors across situations ii. Japanese will express themselves in a more negative way...
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