Notes (Week8) - Gender Differences

Notes (Week8) - Gender Differences - Notes for Week 8 Dion...

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Notes for Week 8 I) Individualism vs. Collectivism: a. Individualism – the subordination of the goals of the collective to individual goals b. Collectivism – the subordination of the goals of the individual to collectivist goals i. Women might be more collectivist than men, even in IS II) Individualistic/collectivistic differences in romantic love and the importance of emotional intimacy a. Romantic love is more likely to be an important basis for marriage in individualistic societies b. Intimacy is more important in marital satisfaction (and personal wellbeing) in IS III) Developing intimacy in IS can be particularly problematic Ickes, 1993 I) People still tend to desire mates that exhibit stereotypical gender roles, but pairings of these types of people typically lead to less satisfying relationships than between more androgynous people II) Problems for traditionally gendered relationships a. Ickes and Barnes (1978) – exposing traditional masculine and feminine people to each other yielded less involving and rewarding interactions than androgynous people, which also yielded less liking between the two b. Shaver, Pullis, and Olds (1980) – found that traditionally feminine women were most dissatisfied with traditionally masculine mates compared to all other groups. Besides reporting more frustration, depression, etc…, they were also the most likely to feel “underloved” (they love their mate more than their mate loved them) i. Androgynous women paired with androgynous men were the most satisfied c. Antill (1983) – replicated Shaver et al.’s past findings, but also found that both men and women were more satisfied with an androgynous/feminine partner i. “Happiness is a feminine marriage partner” d. Tannen (1987, 1990) – showed that traditional men and women often suffer from miscommunication, because these men tend to frame conversations in terms of power and status, while the women tended to frame in terms of closeness and solidarity i. These women were hurt when men used “I”/”me” when they would have used “we”/”us” ii. Women used back-channel responses (“uh huh”) more often to express their interest and involvement in the conversation and to encourage the other person to keep talking, while men used them rarely to give the other person status by expressing their agreement 1. Men were upset and confused when women, who provided a lot of back-channel
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Notes (Week8) - Gender Differences - Notes for Week 8 Dion...

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