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TOLENTINO, RIC ARVIN O. - Problematizing Objectivity.docx -...

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POWER AND LEADERSHIP: AN EXPERIMENT OF OBEDIENCE TO AUTHORITYExperiments and observations are crucial to identifying the essence of the theory's context. Itexpands to the participation of various individuals to provide reliable results that can prove thestudy's validity. For years, stories of torture, corporate greed, fraud, and misconduct have beendaily news coverage regular features. And psychological scientists have tried to understand whyordinary and decent people are driven to commit such atrocious acts. Some would say that thestory relies on people's behavior depending on many possible situations. One of these isMilgram's Obedience Experiments that contains contentious series of experiments to test theborders of people's obedience to authority and ascertain how far ordinary people, just becausethey were told to, would go in causing pain to others. However, because of factors that canaffect the participants, the study might lack objectivity and reliability because of ethicalstandards, the situation of the research, and the participants involved.Conducted by Stanley Milgram, an assistant professor of psychology at Yale University, thisfamous and intriguing study involved forty males who took the role of a teacher that deliveredelectric shocks to the learner when they answered a question incorrectly. It was conducted lastMay 1962, and the participants were gathered through newspaper advertisements and directmails. The experimenter promised to pay the participants that caused them to join. Milgramdeveloped an intimidating shock generator, with levels starting from 15 volts up to 450 volts(Cherry, 2021). Each participant assumed that the role-picking was random, not knowing that itwas part of the script. The said learner is assigned to be the one who gets punished wheneverthey get the wrong answer. The teacher/participant is unaware of this, and the study tried to lookat their willingness to obey authority figures sacrificing their personal beliefs and morals.The study explained that it aims to find the effects of punishment on learning using electricshocks expected to give by the teachers. The teacher will instruct the number of word pairs tothe learner, and if they get wrong, they will receive an electric shock. Every time they commit a

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Term
Spring
Professor
Rhayan Melendres
Tags
Psychology, Test, Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment

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