Chapter 1-5 Terms - individualism a style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance on developing a personally

Chapter 1-5 Terms - individualism a style of life in which...

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individualism - a style of life in which individuals pursue their own interests and place great importance on developing a personally rewarding life. utilitarian individualism - a style of life that emphasizes self-reliance and personal achievement, especially in one;s work life expressive individualism - a style of life that emphasizes developing one's feelings and emotional satisfaction Western Nations - the countries of Western Europe and the non-European, English speaking countries: The US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand monogamy - a marriage system in which people are allowed only one spouse polygamy - a marriage system in which men or women (or both) are allowed to have more than one spouse at a time externalities - benefits or costs that accrue to others when an individual or business produces something negative externalities - the costs imposed on other individuals or businesses when an individual or business produces something positive externalities - benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something, but for which the producer is not fully compensated. public goods - things that may be enjoyed by people who do not themselves produce them. free-rider problem - the tendency for people to obtain public goods by letting others do the work of producing them-metaphorically, the temptation to ride free on the backs of others. public family - one adult, or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependents, and the dependents themselves private family - two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely- or in the case of a parent and child, until the child reaches adulthood-and who usually live in the same household and pool their incomes and household labor boundary ambiguity - a state in which family members are uncertain about who is in or out of the family created kinship - kinship ties that people have to construct actively
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assigned kinship - kinship ties that people more or less automatically acquire when they are born or marry objectivity - the ability to draw conclusions about a social situation that are unaffected by one's owns beliefs scientific method - a systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem hypothesis - a speculative statement about the relationship between two or more variables survey - a study in which individuals from a geographic area are selected, usually at random, and asked a fixed set of questions observational study - a study in which the researcher spends time directly observing each participant longitudinal survey - interviews are conducted several times at regular intervals exchange theory - a sociological theory that views people as rational beings who
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