Civ Exam 2 review - People V Gordon Childe o Developed the...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
People V. Gordon Childe o Developed the oasis theory o Greatly influenced by Marxism and saw prehistoric people as going through revolutionary transformations including the Neolithic and urban revolutions o Focused on the archeology of agricultural origins o Interested in revolutions of history Robert Braidwood o Braidwood’s Nuclear Zone Theory o Carried out excavation of Jarmo Lewis Binford o Developed the Demographic Stress Theory Julian Steward o Focused on the most obvious factor in the development of the early Sumerian states, irrigation agriculture Karl Wittfogel o Focused on the most obvious factor in the development of the early Sumerian states, irrigation agriculture Leonard Woolley D. Bruce Dickson Kathleen Kenyon o Excavated Jericho James Mellaart o Excavated Catal Huyuk with Ian Hodder Ian Hodder o Excavated Catal Huyuk with James Mellaart King Sargon o Acadian king that conquered the Sumerian states Gilgamesh Scorpion King o Ruler of Hierokonpolis and conquered Naqada o Unifies Upper Egypt Shown on the Scorpion King Mace Head With the crown of Upper Egypt Narmer o Descendant on the Scorpion King, conquers lower Egypt, moves capital to Memphis, o Shown on the Narmer Palette Narmer wearing one of the crowns of lower Egypt and Upper Egypt on each side of the palette King Zoser o First king in the Old Kingdom period to have a massive pyramid built for him
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Mortimer Wheeler o Did the first major excavations of the Indus river valley civilizations George Dales & Robert Raikes o Said the reason the civilization declined was due to the environment, major earthquake at the mouth of the Indus river which caused the river to shift and it flooded a lot of cities Sites Jericho o In the Levant o Start out in Neolithic Period, in 8400 BC at 4 hectares and 1000 people o Excavated by Kathleen Kenyon o Trade salt, bitumen, or surplus agriculture for obsidian o People left in 7200 BC (Pre-pottery Neolithic A, PPNA) and reoccupied in 6800 BC (Pre-pottery Neolithic B, PPNB) o Abandoned in 6000 BC again then reoccupied in 5500 BC Catal Huyuk o Excavated by James Mellart o 10 hectares and 5000 people, huge site for this time o Largely agricultural and evidence for religious practices Uruk o The world’s first city, 3500 – 3000 BC o First city in history and capital of the first state society o Dense population of over 25,000 people in 32 hectares o Center of politics, religion, and commerce o 4 tiered settlement hierarchy o Increase in economic complexity, heterogeneity, craft specialization, mass produced goods, and long distance trade o First literacy, form of writing Tell Hassuna Tell Halaf Tell-es Sawaan Eridu o Big town bordering on being a city during the Ubaid period o Was a smaller political and religious center during the Uruk period o Grew and became a city Kish o
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern