Republic of the PhilippinesDEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONRegion ISchools Division of Pangasinan IILUCIANO MILLAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLAsingan, PangasinanUnderstanding Culture,Society, and PoliticsQuarter 2-Week 4Module & Activity 4Most Essential Learning Competency:Suggest ways to address social inequalities( local , national and global )1
I. OBJECTIVESIt is expected that the students will be able to:1. Suggest ways to address global inequalities(UCSP11/12HSO-IIe-32)II.DISCUSSIONInequality does not only exist in ourcommunity, in our society, in our country butalso among states. There are countries that areeconomically matured and more powerful thanothers and end up to becoming influential inthe global community. This situation leads to acondition of global inequality wheredeveloping countries end up being controlledand influenced by the developed countries.The balance of power of states is often rooted in historical events where the process ofcolonization in the past led to a relation of unequal dependency between a former colony and itsformer colonizer.The case of the Philippines and the United States is an example of this, where,culturally, economically, and politically, the Philippines is perceived to be under the stronginfluence of the United States due to the colonization in the past.Inequality can also be an outcome of the relative strength of a state as compared withanother in terms of strategic importance or development assistance. Countries with manyresources, for example, oil-producing countries, tend to have more power. Countries that sendofficial development assistance (ODA) in the form of loans and grants are in the position todictate their policy conditions to the countries who receive their development funds. Countrieswith rich resources tend to have more advantage over the others.Military strength is also a source of inequality where countries with superior militarycompetence can bully or intimidate the countries with weaker military forces, just in the issue orthe situation in the West Philippine Sea between China and the Philippines. It is a clear exampleof this unequal relationship.Global inequality can also be manifested through transnational business corporations andorganizations that operate globally. These private corporations have enormous power toinfluence the economy of the countries where they have investments. The World Bank, theInternational Monetary Fund, and Asian Development Bank (ADB) are also positioned to havehuge influence in the policy directions of countries that are indebted to them since they candictate economic policies to comply with their conditionalities for loans granted to countries.