Anth+2A+Lecture+Notes++25+Jan+2007 - • Situated knowledge...

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Lecture Notes – 25 January 2007 DOING ANTHROPOLOGY: FIELDWORK AND THE ETHNOGRAPHIC METHOD Culture shock Ethnocentrism Culture E.B. Tylor (1871): “Culture . ... is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” Clifford Geertz (1973): “. ... man is an animal suspended in webs of significance he himself has spun, I take culture to be those webs, and the analysis of it to be therefore not an experimental science in search of law but an interpretive one in search of meaning.” C ulture versus c ultures versus high culture Kroeber – superorganic versus organic Armchair theorists Frank Hamilton Cushing Long-term fieldwork Participant observation Rapport Ethnographic account Fieldnotes Advocacy Worldview Material culture versus nonmaterial culture Objective, scientific perspective
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Unformatted text preview: • Situated knowledge, radical cultural relativism and intellectual property rights • Native oral tradition Fieldwork – “controlled culture shock” There are three basic elements to fieldwork: (1) long-term residence, (2) language competency, and (3) participant observation • Participant observation is a form of unstructured research • Structured research – questionnaires and interview protocols o Emic v etic approaches – insider (Cushing and Malinowski) versus outsider approach (armchair theorists and comparativists) • Key informants or consultants • Fieldnotes • Ethics Ethnography, literally “writing ethnicity”, and the ethnographers EMBODIMENT; INTERPRETATION, TRANSLATION, AND INCOMMENSURABILITY Basso – Cibecue Apaches Explanation Interpretation Translation Incommensurability Scientific method Falsification Hypotheses...
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Anth+2A+Lecture+Notes++25+Jan+2007 - • Situated knowledge...

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