Chapter 9 Notes - SOCI 200 CHAPTER 9 DIVORCE AND REPARTNERNING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Blended Families term used to describe families in which children

Chapter 9 Notes - SOCI 200 CHAPTER 9 DIVORCE AND...

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SOCI 200 CHAPTER 9: DIVORCE AND REPARTNERNING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Blended Families – term used to describe families in which children from one or both of the partners are bought into the union Cohort Ever-Married Divorce Rate – rate calculated by dividing number of first divorces among those born in a given year by the number of ever-married persons born in that same year - More accurate rate but lacks generalizability to the general population & fluctuates depending on date on which rate is calculated Crude Divorce Rate – rate calculated by dividing number of divorces in a given year by the mid-year population - Although easier to measure, it is inherently conservative since denominator (mid-year population in a given year) includes people who are not at risk of divorce s/a babies, children, single individuals & widowed individuals Divorce Act – Divorce Acts of 1968 & 1985 changed conditions under which divorce would be permitted - Permanent marriage breakdown as grounds for divorce was maintained & could be claimed b/c of adultery, cruelty or desertion - Main change was move away from fault-based grounds for divorce to include no-fault grounds - Waiting period for no-fault divorce was reduced to 1 year in Divorce Act of 1985 DVFM – divorce variation & fluidity model was developed by David Demo & Mark Fine - Model highlights the potential diversity of pathways into & out of divorce Ecological Correlates of Divorce - Micro Level : individual & relationship dynamic issues - Meso Level : age at maturation, number of marriages, history of cohabitation, parental divorce & religious & socio-economic factors - Macro Level : sex ratios, geopolitical events & legislation Higher-Order Marriage – subsequent marriages beyond an individual’s first marriage No-Fault Divorce – divorce in which one party’s actions are not solely responsible for the divorce - Irreconcilable differences are often reason stated for no-fault divorce
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Refined Divorce Rate – rate calculated by dividing number of divorces in given year by number of people currently married in population in that same year - Very accurate measure of divorce but is difficult to calculate since, other than in census years, data hard to gather Stepfamilies – blended families; families in which children from one or both of the partners are bought into the union DIVORCE IN CONTEXT Historical Overview of Divorce Ancient historical phase, divorce – event that took place infrequently - When it occurred, it was highly regulated & permitted only to men of influence - Church subdued attempts for divorce to grow - Apart from Quebec, divorce was not uncommon but difficult to obtain in North America b/c of original Protestant settlement Modern society, divorce is normative family life-course event - Roman Catholic Church doesn’t recognize divorce (still) - Church grants annulment OR couple remains married until one partner dies - Annulment – marriage is not officially recognized b/c of undisclosed pre-existing condition or fraudulent representation at time of marriage
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