Chapter 4 Notes - SOCI 200 CHAPTER 4 COHABITATION TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Civil Union relationship status granted to same-sex couples when same-sex

Chapter 4 Notes - SOCI 200 CHAPTER 4 COHABITATION TERMS AND...

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SOCI 200 CHAPTER 4: COHABITATION TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Civil Union – relationship status granted to same-sex couples when same-sex marriages are not legal in a jurisdiction; purpose to grant couple same legal rights as married couples but without married status Cohabitation Agreement – legal agreements drawn up between cohabiting couples to define limitations & boundaries of responsibilities to one another should the cohabiting union dissolve - Property rights, pension distribution & child support are some of relevant areas usually contained in agreement - Family relationships are not established by cohabitation agreements Common-Law Marriage – union of couple who considers themselves to be husband & wife but has not solemnized relationship with formal ceremony Defence of Marriage Act (DOMA) – law passed in 1996 in US to define marriage as union between one man & one woman Domestic Partnership; Registered Partnership – terms used to apply to couples sharing a common domestic life without marital or civil union status - Terms may be used for same-sex unions in some jurisdictions, also be applied to heterosexual couples - Partnerships are formalized by law Non-Marital Cohabitation – inclusive term used to describe cohabiting unions outside of marriage Normative – most frequent occurrence of event or stage in reference to life course pathways Panel Studies – research studies that use longitudinal data & incorporate dimensions of time & change into their designs; incorporate repeated measures of samples involved Relationship Stability – term used to define whether union is still intact or not Second-Parent Adoption – legal process in which non-biological parent seeks to adopt his/her partner’s biological or adopted child without terminating parental rights of partner Selection Effect – explanation of cohabitation’s negative effect on subsequent marital stability that states that people who choose to cohabit possess personality or character deficiencies that make them more prone to relationship instability & hence will have higher divorce rates whether cohabit before marriage or not Social Norms – societal-level views regarding the acceptance of social behaviours & rules
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Non-Marital Cohabitation – inclusive term used to describe cohabiting unions outside of marriage - On the rise changes in cohorts continue Influence of union formation patterns on later outcomes s/a relationship stability, financial solvency & child adjustment - Relationship Stability – term used to define whether a union is still intact or not THE RISE IN NON-MARITAL COHABITATION Cohabitation viewed as deviant form of union formation to preferred social norm that precedes marriage; acts as trial marriage Concern: heterogeneity (quality of being diverse & not comparable) of cohabiting couples - Diverging from historical normative patterns becoming too de-standardized to be of empirical value COHABITATION IN CONTEXT Historical Context
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