11PS 121 LECTURE 2 THE MIDDLE EAST AS AN ARENA OF CONFLICT AND SOURCE OF TERRORISM1. Instability: Coups, Assassinations, Civil Wars, Revolutions, Inter-State Wars 2. Max Weber’s Definitions The state defined as possession of the legitimate monopoly of the means of physical coercion Types of Legitimacy: 1) traditional 2) rational-legal; 3) charismatic –and 4) ideological 3. In the Absence of Democracy, Regimes Are Especially Vulnerable Unless they Become Repressive; Hence the old formula for “Oriental Despotism:” “Autocracy tempered by Assassination” 4. “Après Moi Le Deluge:” Instability After the Ottoman Empire 5. Instability Tends to Promote the Resort to Political Violence—though the Middle East Has No Monopoly on It
This preview has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.