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lecture_2 - 1 PS 121 LECTURE 2 THE MIDDLE EAST AS AN ARENA...

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1 1 PS 121 LECTURE 2 THE MIDDLE EAST AS AN ARENA OF CONFLICT AND SOURCE OF TERRORISM 1. Instability: Coups, Assassinations, Civil Wars, Revolutions, Inter-State Wars 2. Max Weber’s Definitions The state defined as possession of the legitimate monopoly of the means of physical coercion Types of Legitimacy: 1) traditional 2) rational-legal; 3) charismatic –and 4) ideological 3. In the Absence of Democracy, Regimes Are Especially Vulnerable Unless they Become Repressive; Hence the old formula for “Oriental Despotism:” “Autocracy tempered by Assassination” 4. “Après Moi Le Deluge:” Instability After the Ottoman Empire 5. Instability Tends to Promote the Resort to Political Violence—though the Middle East Has No Monopoly on It
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