PS121 Lecture 4 The Middle East Since World War I: De-Colonization, Nationalism, and Oil Politics1. The Middle East Besieged by European Powers Strengthened by the Industrial Revolution and Inspired by Nationalism 2. The Challenge of Western Ideas: Reason, Progress, Liberty, Equality--and Nationalism (from 1798) 3. The Effort to Modernize Islam: Jamal Eddidin al-Afghani (1839-97) andhis disciple Mohammed Abduh (1849-1905) 4. British Courtship in WWI: “Lawrence of Arabia” 5. Dividing the Spoils of War: The Sykes-Picot Treaty (1916) 6. The Balfour Declaration (1917) and the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine (1920)
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