1PS121 Lecture 11: Comparing Regimes (4 continued): Democracies: Israel1. Israel as the Middle East’s Only Continuously Democratic Regime: Meeting Robert Dahl’s Criteria—and others 2. Foundations: Declaration of Independence But No Constitution; Instead Basic Laws Passed by the Knesset (Parliament). A Jewish and Democratic State: potential problems and potential changes. Banning the Kach Party. 2. Demography: Population 6.5 million. Divisions: Jews 80%; Arabs (14% Sunni, 3% Christian, 2% Druze) 19 percent; others 1%. Among Jews: Sabras (natives) 39 percent; Ashkenazim (Europeans, including recent immigrants from the former USSR) 36 percent; Sephardim (“Orientals”) 25 percent; 4. Social Structure and Economy: from Agriculture to Industry to High Tech 5. The Multiparty System: A Legacy of the Zionist Movement 6. PR and the Threshold for Seats—Now 2% (compared to 10% in Turkey, 5% in Germany)
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