CHAPTER 1 - CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Law Functions of Law...

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CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Law Functions of Law: 1. Maintain stability in social, political, econ. System while permitting change 2. Protect owners use of property and facilitate contracts regarding exchange of property and services 3. Preservation of state Sanctions —means by which law enforces decisions of courts Right —capacity of person to require another person to perform/refrain from certain act Duty —obligation law imposes on person to person to perform/refrain from act Classification of Law: 1. Substantive & Procedural Law Substantive—creates rights and duties Procedural—rules for enforcing subs. Law 2. Public & Private Law Public—law dealing with relationship btw gov. and individuals ex: criminal law Private—governs relationships among individuals and legal entities (corporations); ex: business law 3. Civil & Criminal Law Civil—wrong against individual, plaintiff sues for compensation or deterrence, private burdern of proof: preponderance of evidence
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