ps121lec15pal

ps121lec15pal - 1 PS 121 Lecture 15 The Palestinian Arabs...

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1 PS 121 Lecture 15 The Palestinian Arabs 1. The Puzzle of Palestinian Arab Identity “What are the limits of Palestine? Where does it end and where does Israel begin, and are those limits spatial, or temporal, or both? More specifically, what delimits the modern history of the Palestinian people from the Israelis, who over the past century have come to dominate the country both peoples claim?” Rashid Khalidi 2. Establishing Identity: the Arabs and the Islamic Umma 3. The Influence of European Nationalism, the Young Turks, and Zionism 3. From Pan-Arabism to Separate Palestinian Nationalism: A Slow and Uncertain Evolution 4. 1947-1967: Relying on the Arab States
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2 5. Under the PLO Umbrella: “Armed Struggle” after the Six-Day War and the Expulsion from Jordan in 1971 (1967-1974) *The PLO Charter * The Executive Committee (15 members; Arafat chairman) *Palestinian National Council (430 Members) Affiliated Groups: *Fatah (established 1959; Arafat takes over 1968) Black September Force 17 Tanzim Intelligence and Security Apparatus Special Operations Group Arab revolutionary brigades “Fatah’s young men…unable to wage classic guerrilla warfare across Israel’s borders…insisted on carrying out a revolutionary violence of another kind, commonly known elsewhere as ‘terrorism.’ They wanted to wreak vengeance not only on the Zionist enemy, but also on the Arab murderers and traitors who had made themselves Israel’s accomplices.” A b u I y a d
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3 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (Habash) quit 1983, returned 1987 Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (Hawatmeh) Palestine Liberation Front (Abbas) Palestine Liberation Front Yaqub Faction (Iraq) Palestine Liberation Front Ghanem Faction (Syria) Arab Organization of 15 May (Iraq) Revolutionary Communist Party Popular Struggle Front (Syria; financed by Libya, Iraq) 6. Outside the Umbrella Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (Habash) PFLP-General Command (Jibril, Syria) Fatah Revolutionary Council (Abu Nidal) Fatah Provisional Command (Syria) Al-Saiqa (Syria) Hamas (from Sheikh Mohammad al-Qassam to Ahmed Yasin) Islamic Jihad [Hizbullah: Lebanese Shiite]
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4 7. “Armed Struggle” Becomes Terrorism Aircraft Bombings and Hijackings Starting in 1968; 4 in September 1970 (PFLP) Bombings in London, Antwerp, Sydney, Nairobi, Istanbul (synagogue), West Berlin, Vienna, Cyprus, Athens, Rome, Brussels, Paris, Amsterdam, Larnika, Barcelona Seven Attempts to Assassinate King Hussein; Jordan’s PM Assassinated 1971; Attempt on Jordanian Ambassador to London Murder of 11 Israeli Athletes at Munich Olympics 1972 by Black September; Israel’s Mossad Tracks Down and Assassinates 12 Leaders Attacks Against Syria and from Syria; attacks against PLO representatives by other Palestinians (mainly Abu Nidal) and vice versa Hijacking of the Achille Lauro 1985 Aborted Attempt to Destroy an El Al Airliner 1986 (Abu Nidal-Syria)
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5 Abu Nidal Responsible for 250 Terrorist Attacks (100 from 1983-1985, including 69 at Arab Targets; 16
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ps121lec15pal - 1 PS 121 Lecture 15 The Palestinian Arabs...

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