psych 1 exam notes

Psych 1 exam notes - Nature vs Nurture The nature nurture issue is the most important and most complex issue in the study because nature involvels

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Nature vs. Nurture The nature nurture issue is the most important and most complex issue in the study because nature involvels individual genetic makeup, universal maturation processes guided by genes, and other biological influences…nurture on the other hand would emphasize environment the range of influences outside the person and includes influences not only of the physical environment but also of learning experiences, societal changes, and the cultural context in which the person develops. Continuity vs. Discontinuity One issue concerns whether the changes people undergo over the life span are gradual or abrupt. Continuity theorist view human development as a process that ovvurs in small steps without sudden changes. .in contrast, discontinuity theorist picture the curse of development as more like a series of stairsteps. A second aspect would concern whether changes are quantitative or qualitative in nature Ex-When an adolescent boy rapidly shoots up 6 inches in height, gains a bass voice, and grows a beard the change is discontinuous Universality vs. Context Specificity On the extent to which developmental changes are common to all humans(universal) or different from person to person (context specificity). Ex-All children enter a new stage in their intellectual development as the enter adolescence or that most adults sometime around age 40 experience a midlife crisis Activity vs. Passivity Some theorists believe that humans are curious, active creatures who orchestrate their own development by exploring the world around them and shaping their own environments. .other theorist view humans as passive beings largely the products of forces beyond their control. .usually environment influences but possibly strong biological forces. Ex-childrens academic failings might be blamed on the failure of their parents and teachers to provide them with the proper learning experiences Assumptions of a Lifespan Developmental Approach 1. Development is a lifelong process 2. Development is multidirectional 3. Development involves both gain and loss 4. Development is characterized by lifelong plasticity-refers to the capacity to change in response to positive or negative experiences 5. Development is shaped by its historical-cultural context 6. Development is multiply influenced 7. Understanding development requires multiple disciplines
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Thomas Hobbes-portrayed children as inherently selfish and bad and believed that it was societys’s responsibility to teach them to behave in civilized ways. Jean Jacques Rousseau-argued that children were innately good, that they were born with an intuitive understanding of right and wrong, and that they would develop in positive directions as long as society did not interfere with their natural tendencies Locke-who maintained that infants are tabul rasae. .or blank slates, waiting to be written on by their experiences. .that is children were neither innately good nor innately bad but could develop in any direction depending on their experiences. Developmental Designs
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSYCH 230 taught by Professor Phillips during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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Psych 1 exam notes - Nature vs Nurture The nature nurture issue is the most important and most complex issue in the study because nature involvels

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