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QUIZ3 MGMNT.pdf - PERSONALITY, ATTITUDES AND WORK BEHAVIORS...

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PERSONALITY, ATTITUDES AND WORK BEHAVIORSQuiz No. 3ManagementPresented toThe Faculty of Graduate School of Business ManagementPHILIPPINE CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITYMANILAIn Partial Fulfilmentof the Requirement for the DegreeMBAANNA ROSARIO D. DELINONovember 30, 2021
INTRODUCTIONPersonality traits, values and perception all play into and shape a person’s attitude aboutwork ethic and job satisfaction. Successful analysis of prospective employees and theperson-environment fit of the workplace will result in higher job satisfaction and a deepercommitment to the organization as a whole. Employees selected with a good fit willdevelop a stronger set of work relationships and a lower stress rate which both create abetter work attitude and longevity with the organization and offer less absenteeism andturnover. The primary takeaways are related to understanding personality traits, personalvalues and the power of perception. Managers need to understand the impact that theseclues have on their ability to assess individuals for competency and work ethic; choosingsolid, highly-qualified employees that meld well with the employees and work climatethat your business offers will reduce costly turnover rates drastically.CASE STUDYPersonalityPersonality encompasses a person’s relatively stable feelings, thoughts, and behavioral patterns.Each of us has a unique personality that differentiates us from other people, and understandingsomeone’s personality gives us clues about how that person is likely to act and feel in a variety ofsituations. To manage effectively, it is helpful to understand the personalities of differentemployees. Having this knowledge is also useful for placing people into jobs and organizations.
If personality is stable, does this mean that it does not change? You probably remember how youhave changed and evolved as a result of your own life experiences, parenting style and attentionyou have received in early childhood, successes and failures you experienced over the course ofyour life, and other life events. In fact, personality does change over long periods of time. Forexample, we tend to become more socially dominant, more conscientious (organized anddependable), and more emotionally stable between the ages of 20 and 40, whereas openness tonew experiences tends to decline as we age.Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. E., & Viechtbauer,W. (2006). Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 1–25. In other words, even thoughwe treat personality as relatively stable, change occurs. Moreover, even in childhood, ourpersonality matters, and it has lasting consequences for us. For example, studies show that part ofour career success and job satisfaction later in life can be explained by our childhoodpersonality.Judge, T. A., & Higgins, C. A. (1999). The big five personality traits, generalmental ability, and career success across the life span. Personnel Psychology, 52, 621–652; Staw,B. M., Bell, N. E., & Clausen, J. A. (1986). The dispositional approach to job attitudes: Alifetime longitudinal test. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31, 56–77.

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Personality Psychology, Big Five personality traits, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, journal of personality

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