Survey of Art II

Survey of Art II - ← Survey of Art II HA 116 14:10:00 ←...

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Unformatted text preview: ← Survey of Art II: HA 116 14/01/2008 14:10:00 ← Notes 1/14/08 ← Chapter 13: Art in 13 th and 14 th Century Italy ← ← Map of Italy: Florence, Assisi, Siena, Venice, Umbrian & Tuscan Areas ← ← Altarpiece of St. Claire ← 1280 • Panel painting, egg tempera on wood prepared w/ gesso • Paint- pigment mixed with media (raw eggs) • Dominating position, formal pose, gothic proportions ← Side panels depict both iconic images and narrative images ← Altarpiece rests on altar ← ← St. Claire – good friends with St. Francis of Assisi ← ← Fresco showing St. Francis preaching to the birds ← 1290s, late medieval • painted on wet plaster wall instead of wooden panel (fresco) ← in Basilica of Assisi • Numerous frescos along walls of nave depicting life of St. Francis fill one register • ← ← Nicola Pisano, pulpit for Baptistry of Pisa ← 1259-60, proto-renaissance p. 443 • 3 colors of marble – red, white, greyish • program – what different types of things you will show • commissioned • 6 sided, 5 sides have deep relief, • deep relief & figures are crowded together -> Roman sarcophagus relief o ← Three views: whole thing, statuette, & register • Fortitude Statuette (one virtue of virtues & vices) o On pulpit, one of 6 statuettes around pulpit o Fortitude – moral fiber, resolve o In contrapposto pose o Italian proportions – bigger head o Heroic male nude w/ lion on shoulder -> in form of Heracles/Hercules (fortitude often represented by Hercules-type) o Also sometimes seen as Daniel in lion’s den • Portion of relief, “The Nativity” o Jesus born in Bethlehem, both Joseph and Mary are from there & were on their way there for census, stayed in stable, Jesus born in manger, Sometimes seen as in cave o Hierarchical scale – more important figures are biggest (Mary) o Jesus in manger, surrounded by many figures, 6 animals (3 sheep, 3 goats) -> reference to Day of Judgment o Continuous narrative – 4 scenes in one Annunciation Nativity Jesus in sarcophagus rather than manger – w/ strigil forms on sides -> reference to death of Jesus Annunciation to shepherds Jesus’ first bath Symbolic baptism Tub shaped like chalice Two midwives – good one accepts virginity and evil challenges it, hand shrivels after examining Mary, touches child and hand is restored ← ← manger – wooden box for food for animals ← ← Number 8 – holy week begins w/ palm Sunday, following Sunday Jesus is resurrected (8 th day), symbolizes birth and resurection ← ← font – basin or container for holy water in which people are baptized, 8 sides ← pulpit- box on stilts, for priest or bishop, place from which priest or bishop would speak or preach ← ← Golden legend – compilation of stories relating the lives of saints, many artists turned to this for stories and narratives ← ← Renaissance – rebirth of classical cultures, ideas, and ideals (classical-ancient greek and roman art)...
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Survey of Art II - ← Survey of Art II HA 116 14:10:00 ←...

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