Test2StudyGuide - Understanding Music Test 2 Class on...

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Understanding Music – Test 2 Class on Melody, Pitch, Frequency Melody - An organized succession of pitches that form a coherent whole Vibration - Disturbances in the air Frequency - Speed of vibration Pitch - The highness or lowness of a musical tone (faster or slower frequencies) Two classes of sound Pitched - clearly definable fundamental frequency Lowest frequency is the fundamental and other frequencies are multiple integers of it; measured in Hertz (Hz) Ex. guitar, flute, trumpet Unpitched – mixture of many frequencies without a clear relationship between them Static on the radio, snare drum and cymbal Every culture has its own preferred set of pitches and they tune their instruments to these pitches Equal temperament – standard tuning system of the West since the 18 th century All relationships between adjacent pitches are the same or equidistant Scales Collection of pitches arranged in order from lowest to highest Comes from Italian word scala which means ladder Many different scales around the world and they vary in the pitches and number of pitches they include Temperment Major scale Most common in Western music Tonic – beginning and end tone of a scale Minor scale Different in character from the major scale Melody Range - Interval between the lowest and highest pitch of a melody Conjunct - melodies are smooth and flowing Disjunct – melodies that contain leaps Phrase - Smallest complete musical thought Resemble sentences in language Identifies by the pauses in a melody Usually when a breath is taken or when there is a punctuation mark in the music Vocal Melody Many of us can sing or hum a tune Vocal melody is usually associated with a text which helps to shape the melody People can remember a melody just by reciting the text The style of a melody varies from folk which is usually conjunct to operatic which can be quite disjunct De sancta Maria 800 years old
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Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) Middle Ages 12th century German abbess and mystic number of recordings made of her work some try to duplicate style others are New Age adaptations music is passionate and intellectually intriguing born in the Crusades and monastic reform and educational development born in German Rhine country parents were nobles and she was the youngest of 10 children educated by anchoress (holy woman who withdrew from world) named Jutta Joined monastic cell which included men & women in one community (non- characteristic of the time) studied music and spinning followed 3 Benedictine practices – prayer, Bible study, and work became familiar with medieval church music – cycle of prayer and chanting that formed and integral part of monastic life (7x a day) became a nun at 18 1136 - she was 38 12 women lived in community at Saint Disibode and Jutta died – she succeeded her as abbess had mystical experience at 42 where burning light entered mind her secretary Volmar began recording her visions that happened between the ages of 42- 52 These recorded visions and text are called Scivias (Know the Ways)
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Test2StudyGuide - Understanding Music Test 2 Class on...

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