ARMY - Analysis of The Army History of the Army The United States Army is a strategic instrument of national policy that has served our country well in

ARMY - Analysis of The Army History of the Army The United...

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Analysis of The ArmyHistory of the ArmyThe United States Army is “a strategic instrument of national policy that has served our country well in peace and war for over two centuries”(How the Army Runs, 2005). The Army, created in 1775, was established to be the primary land base portion protecting the freedom of the thirteen colonies. It is an organized defense system that is a front line tactical force designed to protect and defend the United States and its allies. It's a system of hierarchy with direct decision making that follows a chain of command based on ranking and tenure. The Army is what you make of it but can be described as one of the best organizations in the world. It is a well-oiled machine that is here to stay that no recession nor any other worldly troubles will ever make dissolve.The Army’s primary responsibility has been the fighting of land battles and military occupation. The Army is broken down into 16 different corps or military occupation sets: Judge advocate corps, finance corps, quartermaster corps, ordnance corps, field artillery corps, infantry corps, armor corps, air defense corps, engineer corps, aviation corps, military police corps, military intelligence corps, chemical corps, signal corps, transportation corps, and medical corps (, 2015). The Army is one of the three military departments that reports to the Department of Defense and is composed of two very distinct and equally important components that are the active component and the reserve component (, 2015).Organizational Design
The operational units or organizational structure of the Army goes from the Theater Army, Field Army and Army Group level, down through Corps, Divisions, Brigades, Battalions, Companies, Platoons and ending with Squads & Sections - and the typical rank of the Commander of these type units (, 2015). Corps consists of 20,000 to 40,000 soldiers that provide command, control, and logistical support of two to five divisions (, 2015). Divisions consists of 10,000 to 16,000 soldiers that performs major tactical operations and can conduct sustained battles and engagements (, 2015). Brigade/Group/Regiment consists of 1,500 to 3,200 troops that is a significantly large unit that can be employed on independent or semi-independent operations (, 2015). The Battalion is a unit that is both tactically and administratively self-sufficient and in war fighting, are capable of independent operations of limited duration and scope (, 2015). The Company is a cohesive tactical sized unit that can perform a battlefield function on its own (, 2015). Platoon consists of 16-44 soldiers that are the primary combat unit capable of maneuvering in the conduct of combat operations (, 2015). Squad/Section consists of 8 to 16 troops that are the smallest element in the Army organizational structure (, 2015). The Army has an organizational design that is highly structuredwith uniformed rules, policies and procedures. People are placed in functional specialty areas

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