{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

INT study guide

INT study guide - IR is a field of political science that...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
IR is a field of political science that is concerned mainly with explaining political outcomes in international security affairs and in international political economy. Theories complement descriptive narratives in explaining international events and outcomes, but scholars do not agree on a single set of theories or methods to use in studying IR. A few basic core principles shape the field of IR; all are associated with the issue of collective versus individual interests. The three basic principles of IR are dominance, reciprocity, and identity. As an academic field, IR is divided into two subfields: international security and international political economy (IPE). States are the most important actors in IR; the international system is based on the sovereignty of (about 200) independent territorial states. States vary greatly in size of population and economy, from tiny microstates to great powers. Nonstate actors such as multinational corporations (MNCs), nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) exert a growing influence on international relations. The worldwide revolution in information technologies will profoundly reshape the capabilities and preferences of actors in IR, in ways that we do not yet understand. Four levels of analysis—individual, domestic, interstate, and global—suggest multiple explanations (operating simultaneously) for outcomes observed in IR. The global level of analysis, a recent addition, draws attention especially to technological change and the global gap in wealth between the industrialized North and the poor South. The phenomenon of globalization is controversial but basically refers to the increasing integration of the world in terms of communications, culture, and economics. The world can be divided into nine geographic regions, each of which is either part of the industrialized global North or the less developed global South. World Wars I and II dominated the twentieth century, yet they seem to offer contradictory lessons about the utility of hard-line or conciliatory foreign policies. For most of the 50 years since World War II, world politics revolved around the East- West rivalry of the Cold War. This bipolar standoff created stability and averted wars between great powers, including nuclear war, but it had harmful consequences for states in the global South that became proxy battlegrounds. The post-Cold War era, which began in the 1990s, holds hope of general cooperation between great powers despite the appearance of new ethnic and regional conflicts. A war on terrorism with broad international support but uncertain scope and duration began in 2001 after terrorist attacks on the United States.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern