History study guide

History study guide - Industrial Revolution Why the...

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Industrial Revolution Why the industrial rev. started in GB: 1. Improvements in Agriculture 2. Increase in Natural wealth: central bank, paper money 3. Geography: rich in coal, iron ore, great river system 4. Colonial Empire Machines used in factories James Watt- steam engine; attaching it to coal wagon Women and children in factories “Second” Ind. Rev. based on technology Electricity: Edison’s light bulb, Alexander Graham Bells’ telephone, Gugliem Marconi’s radio, Subway Henry Ford and the Model T Gas filled engine, assembly line, paid workers more. Wright Brothers at Kittyhawk Au Bon Marche: first department store Dept. stores run by Jews (beginning of anti-Semitism) Eiffel Tower Societies Protect Industry w/ tariffs on imported goods. Dreyfus Affair – Captain Alfred Dreyfuss (1894) is a French Je accused of giving French military info to Germany. French hid evidence of cover up. Sent to New Guinea to die. Accused because he was a Jew. In 1904, given new trial, and found not guilty and reinstated. French beginning to show anti-Semitism Charles Darwin/Social Darwinism Charles Darwin wrote Origin of the Species which discussed the evolution of humans and other animals through survival of the fittest. Many imperialist countries and leaders applied Social Darwinism as their reasoning for conquering other regions. Social Darwinism is applying Darwinism (survival of the fittest) to human culture. Karl Marx – The father of communism. Wrote the Communist Manifesto (1848). Marx believed that capitalism , like previous socioeconomic systems, will produce internal tensions which will lead to its destruction. Influence the Bolsheviks, who later started the Soviet Union. Capitalism destroys everything. Scientific Socialism: classless society, eliminate private property, armed revolt, new working-class society Otto von Bismarck – Unified Germany. Was king of Prussia. Wants peace in Europe, but alienates France. No additional territory expansion. Creates League of 3 Emperors: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia. Disagreed w/ Wilhelm II on many issues. Wilhelm fires him; German foreign policy changes greatly by making itself feared by other countries. Spanish-American War – Jingos, yellow journalists: people that wanted to fight the Spanish; claim that Spanish are treating cruelly to instigate a war so U.S. can claim Cuba. U.S.S. Maine explodes Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders
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U.S. claims Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico (Treaty of Paris) and goes to Philippines and takes over from Spanish Americans show imperialist motives; U.S. entry into world affairs Fashoda Incident – Was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between the United Kingdom and France in Eastern Africa . It brought the United Kingdom and France to the verge of war but ended in a diplomatic victory for the UK. UK and France realize they have a common enemy in Germany. This leads to the Cordiale Entente. Leopold II of Belgium –
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History study guide - Industrial Revolution Why the...

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