lecture 21 outline India and Pakistan

lecture 21 outline India and Pakistan - Modern India and...

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Modern India and Pakistan The End of the British Raj “Quit India” Hindu-Muslim friction as British try to leave. Jennah calls for Direct Action Day, Calcutta (August 1946) Lord Mountbatten, the Last Viceroy of the Raj Wasn’t very qualified to supervise the handing over of British power Freedom at Midnight – The Partition (August 14-15, 1947) India breaks into Pakistan and India Nehru and Gandhi wanted a united country Millions of people in wrong areas (Muslims in south going north, Hindus in north trying to go south) Large refugee camps Fights break out-> mass murder (over a million killed) Ethnic cleansing on a grand scale Trains were stopped and Hindus would kill all of the Muslims or the Muslims would kill all of the Hindus The Assassination of Gandhi (January 30, 1948) Killed by Hindu extremist who thought Gandhi was giving too much to Muslims Independent India Nehru as Prime Minister (1947-1964) India’s Problems Territorial disputes 555 princely states An experiment in Democratic Socialism India borrows the British Parliamentary system and the Indian civil service
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