lecture 22

lecture 22 - Fri. 3/7/08 Hist2B: lecture 22 What is...

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Fri. 3/7/08 Hist2B: lecture 22 What is modernization? - Broad-spectrum historical process that has profoundly changed societies and human life during the last 500 years or so - It is NOT same as westernization, the global expansion of European technology, culture, values, standards Elements of modernization - Technologic progress; in transportation, communication, every-day life, agriculture, industry - Increasing global connectedness (except for Japan and Europe) - Rise of centralized (secular?) states - Social mobility, rise of the middle class - Increasing literacy, printing press, rise of mass culture, consumerism - Large-scale and widespread urbanization The rise of Russia - Early Russia o Center: Grand Duchy of Moscovy Largest of Russian principalities; had grown rich as Mongol tribute collector Its grand princes used power to conquer others, built the Kremlin in Moscow Peasants turned into serfs to guarantee taxes, supply of labor o Russia in 1500s was not European Had missed renaissance, reformation (of Europe)
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HIST 2B taught by Professor Hämalaien during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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lecture 22 - Fri. 3/7/08 Hist2B: lecture 22 What is...

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