lecture 11

lecture 11 - o Believed in afterlife o Most of population...

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Fri. 2/1/08 History2B: lecture 11 Documentary - Why build mounds? o Burial grounds? o Found in shape of animals o Perhaps for defensive purposes or ceremonies o Placement of mounds was not random; careful planning took place in building mounds o Three types of mounds Rectangle, platform; used for buildings (temples) for the elite Conical; burial of people and markers of significant locations Ridge top; burial of people and markers of significant locations o - Cahokia’s social and political organization o Hierarchy; elites, leaders, commoners; determined by, status, age, and gender o Women were domestic workers, males hunted, built, and farmed o - Cahokia’s relations to other native societies; what made Cahokia so powerful? o Extended beyond its normal boundaries encompassing suburbs and other areas around the city o - Religion, ceremonies, and beliefs o Recognized a natural order to the universe and attempted to live in harmony with it (light/dark, order/anarchy, etc) o Cahokia symbolism tied to agriculture and fertility
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Unformatted text preview: o Believed in afterlife o Most of population were buried in cemeteries, not mounds-Economy, subsistence, and material culture o Used Cahokia river as trade routes o Plazas/town squares filled by merchants where trading/cultural trading occurred o Agriculture (corn and the hoe) allowed for growth, but it lead to depletion of soil and lead to contagious diseases-Everyday life and leisure activities o Engaged in games of chance and skill, gambled with dice, stick and ball game similar to lacrosse; premier sport was chunky (throwing javs guessing where a stone would stop rolling) o Tattooing and body paint indicated social standing o Music, dancing was symbolic o Traveled mostly by foot-What pushed Cahokia into a decline? o Deforestation o Depletion of resources in the area o Climatic changes lead to shortage of foods and led to a break down of the city o Overpopulation o...
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HIST 2B taught by Professor Hämalaien during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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lecture 11 - o Believed in afterlife o Most of population...

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