lecture 17

lecture 17 - Wed. 2/20/08 Hist2B: lecture 17 New empires,...

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Wed. 2/20/08 Hist2B: lecture 17 New empires, new cores, new peripheries Europe is new core and creates global peripheries, but Europe was politically fragmented, so it was a collection of cores and new empires. All of Mexico becomes the new Spain (a periphery). Portuguese empire - Eastern South America and later southern Africa. Also a dominant force in the Indian Ocean. Mostly coastal outposts. - Golden era: 1500s century - State monopoly on long-distance trade; highly centralized endeavor - Advantages o Builds advanced and large navy (supported by kings) o Location, long sea-fearing tradition, stable monarchy whose kings sponsored maritime trade and shipping ventures o Early monopoly on spice trade - Weaknesses o Small land base, small population; doesn’t have basic economic and demographic resources like larger European states o Destructive wars with Spain after 1640s Spanish empire - Western South America, and Midwest to western North America - Golden era: 1500-1800 (some say 1500s) - Advantages
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HIST 2B taught by Professor Hämalaien during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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lecture 17 - Wed. 2/20/08 Hist2B: lecture 17 New empires,...

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