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lecture 15

lecture 15 - Wed Hist2B lecture 15 Why Europe China’s...

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Wed. 2/13/08 Hist2B: lecture 15 Why Europe? - China’s withdrawal from seaborne imperialism in early 1400s cleared the path for Europe’s expansion Where Europeans geographically unfortunate? Why did it take so long for Europe to expand? - Black plague - Americas, India, SE Asia really far away Explaining the “European Miracle” - Motives o More resources (gold, silver, timber, spices) o Gain direct access to Indian and Chinese markets (spices, drugs, technology) Ottoman Empire prevented/taxed trade between Asia and Europe Italian city-states had trade monopolies with Ottomans Portuguese wanted to find direct sea route to Indian Ocean o Lure of African gold, ivory, slaves o Untapped fishing grounds in the Atlantic: early voyages to Newfoundland? o Poverty: Portugal, e.g. possessed limited natural resources and was blocked from expanding on land o Christian missionary efforts Christians urged to spread their faith throughout the world (aggressive, active spread) Precedent: crusades and holy wars against Muslims in 1100s and
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lecture 15 - Wed Hist2B lecture 15 Why Europe China’s...

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