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Unformatted text preview: Monday 2/11/08 History2B: lecture 14 Age of Exploration Why Europe? Why not China? West Africa? The Ottomans? - Ottomans best qualified, due to massive commercial and geopolitical advantages Why Portugal and Spain were the first? Why England, France followed later? How did the tiny little Netherlands build a global empire? Why no Germanic states? Africa- Trans-Saharan trade basis of wealth- Muslim leader Americas- Worlds fastest growing empire in late 15 century- Complex ecosystem specialized crops Ottoman- Dominated Eurasian trade routes- Economic power military power- Overturned Christian Mediterranean supremacy China (capabilities for global expansion)- Resurrected Chinese fleet: expand commercial might, control piracy, collect tribute (vessels called treasure ships)- Advanced technology o Compass, maps, ship building- Expeditions conducted by Zheng He (1405 1433)- Possible that China discovered the Americas prior to Columbus (did not occur) Why non of these powers rose to global dominance after 1500...
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