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Unformatted text preview: Wed. 2/27/08 Hist2B: lecture 20 Spanish colonialism- What pushed the Spanish to North America? o Strategic endeavor: create a buffer between north and south o Get there before their competitors conquered lands o Went to Florida; wanted access to all navigation routes and secure sea routes o Religion; wanted new converts o To try and repeat the success they had in South America Expeditions were privately funded o Santa Fe est. 1609 o Franciscan fathers attempted to integrated pueblo religion with Christianity What caused the Pueblo revolt of 1680s?- Franciscan excesses, errors, arrogance- Tried to stamp out pueblo religion and enforced European codes- Growing mestizo population o Undermined Spanish authority o Looked down by pure-blood Spaniards. Wanted to be treated as equals- Encomienda and economic exploitation o Spanish peasants had also monopolized best lands and water sources by late 1600s- Disease: Pueblo population dropped from 80,000 in 1600 to 17,000 in 1680 o Saw as punishment for accepting Christianity...
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- Winter '08
- World History