lecture 20

lecture 20 - Mon. 3/3/08 Early Modern China Hist2B: lecture...

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Mon. 3/3/08 Hist2B: lecture 20 Early Modern China Patriarchal society More sophisticated educational system than Europe? Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 - Drove Mongols out of China - Restored Confucian bureaucracy, civil service examinations, cultural traditions - Ming decline in 1500s, 1600s o Government corruption; weak emperors isolated by eunuchs, advisors o Coastal cities, trade disrupted by pirates o Public works fell into disrepair o Widespread famine, peasant rebellions Qing dynasty, 1644-1912 - Manchu invasion o Manchurian pastoral nomads and farmers, descendants of Jurchens o United Jurchen tribes in early 1600s, forged alliances with eastern Mongols, denounced sovereignty to Ming overlords o Overwhelmed Chinese forces, captured Beijing 1644, proclaimed Qing dynasty o Pacified all China by 1680s Explaining Manchu takeover of China - Weak Ming China was vulnerable o Military elite despised corrupt Ming court and supported Manchu’s o Scholar-bureaucrats had been eclipsed by eunuchs; welcomed Manchu nobles who had been schooled in Confucian traditions and Chinese language o Peasant rebellions had undermined Ming authority o Manchu rulers demanded symbolic submission from Chinese elites, but
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lecture 20 - Mon. 3/3/08 Early Modern China Hist2B: lecture...

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