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Josseline Chacon Santamaria - FDR Fireside Chats.pdf -...

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Fireside ChatsObjectiveHow did President Franklin D. Roosevelt use fireside chats to inspire confidence during the Great Depression?The RadioYear1. How many American households had a radio in 1928?
2. Imagine you were living through the Great Depression - what would you hope that President Roosevelt would say in his regular radioaddresses (also known as Fireside Chats)?
3. What kind of tone would you have hoped he would use?
Unemployment Rate:The unemployment rate is the percentage of the labor force that is willing and able to work, does not currently have a job, and isactively looking for employment. The labor force consists of people ages 16 and over who are employed or actively seeking workPer Capita Personal Income:Average income per person in a given area in a specific year, in this case years 1929 - 1933 in the United States.YearUnemployment RatePer Capita Personal Income19293.2%$69819308.9%$619193116.3%$526193224.1%$399193325.2%$372Fireside Chats About UnemploymentExcerpt from FDRFireside Chat - May 7,1933First, we are giving employment to one-quarter of a million of the unemployed, especially the young men who havedependents, to go into the forestry and flood prevention work. This is a big task because it means feeding, clothing and caringfor nearly twice as many men as we have in the regular army itself. In creating this civilian conservation corps we are killingtwo birds with one stone. We are clearly enhancing the value of our natural resources and, second, we are relieving anappreciable amount of actual distress of unemployment.Excerpt from FDRFireside Chat - April28th 1935In spite of the fact that unemployment remains a serious problem here as in every other nation, we have come to recognizethe possibility and the necessity of certain helpful remedial measures. These measures are of two kinds. The first is to createprograms intended to relieve, to minimize and to prevent future unemployment; the second is to establish practical means tohelp those who are unemployed in this present emergency...Therefore, let us keep our minds on two or three simple, essentialfacts in connection with this problem of unemployment. It is true that, while business and industry are definitely better, ourrelief rolls are still too large. However, for the first time in five years the relief rolls have declined instead of increased duringthe winter months. They are still declining. The simple fact is that many million more people have private work today than twoyears ago today or one year ago today, and every day that passes offers more chances to work for those who want to work.The program for social security now pending before the Congress is a necessary part of the future unemployment relief... Wemust begin now to make provision for the future. That is why our social security program is an important part of the completepicture. It proposes, by means of old-age pensions, to help those who have reached the age of retirement to give up theirjobs, and thus give to the younger generation greater opportunities for work, and to give to all a feeling of security as they looktoward old age.

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Great Depression, Federal Reserve System

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