MODERN ART - MODERN ART(2OTH CENTURY EXPRESSIONISM 20th...

This preview shows page 1 - 10 out of 166 pages.

MODERN ART(2OTH CENTURY)
20thCentury Art MovementEXPRESSIONISM
EXPRESSIONISM existed during the 20thcentury to oppose the academic standards that had prevailed in Europe and emphasized artist's subjective emotion, which overrides fidelity to the actual appearance of things (Unknown, 2007). WHAT IS EXPRESSIONISM?
In its narrow sense, expressionism was a cultural movement that evolved during the 20thcentury initially in poetry and painting, originating and is mainly rooted in Germany. As a movement, the term “expressionism” usually denotes the late-19th century and early-20th century schools of emotive or interpretive art, which emerged mainly in Germany and Paris as a reaction to the more passive style of Impressionism. In the sense that it was a reaction to Impressionism, expressionism can be describe as an example of "post-Impressionism". In any event, whereas Impressionist painters sought only to reproduce nature (notably the effects of sunlight),Expressionist painterssought to express their feelings about what they saw. It was a more active, more subjective type of art.
In a broader perspective, expressionism is a general style of art rather than a specific movement. One might argue that expressionism began with prehistoric cave paintings that were continued by anonymous artists throughout Classical Antiquity and the Middle Ages, before being taken up by Italian Renaissance artists likeDonatello(1386-1466), Northerners likeRoger Van derWeyden(1400-1464),Hieronymus Bosch(1450-1516) andMatthias Grunewald(c.1475-1528), Mannerists likeEl Greco, and artists throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, up to mid-20th century masters likeFrancis Bacon(1909-1992) and Georg Baselitz (b.1938).
In order to achieve maximum impact on the viewer, representational accuracy is sacrificed (distorted) in favor of strong outlines and bold colors. Compositions tend to be simpler and more direct, and are often characterized by thick impasto paint, loose, freely applied brushstrokes, and occasionalsymbolism.Shapes and forms are drawn with emphasis on feeling at the expense of recording the subject’s actual appearance. The message is all-important.TECHNIQUE
Expressionism really took root in Germany, in Dresden, Munich and Berlin. Three separate groups emerged, which are collectively referred to by art historians asGerman Expressionism: Die Brucke (1905-13), Der Blaue Reiter(1909-14), and the post-war Die Neue Sachlichkeit (1920s).HISTORY
Die Brucke(1905-13) (The Bridge)Based in Dresden, this group combined traditional German art with African, Post-Impressionist and Fauvist styles. Important members included:Ernst Ludwig Kirchner(1880-1938), Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976), Erich Heckel (1883-1970),Emil Nolde(1867-1956), and Max Pechstein (1881-1955).
DerBlaueReiter(1911-14) (Blue Rider)Based in Munich, it was named after a Kandinsky painting from the cover of their 1912 Manifesto. The group included a number of avant-garde artists, such asAlexei von Jawlensky(1864-1941),WassilyKandinsky(1866-1944), Paul Klee(1879-1940), andFranz Marc(1880-1916).

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture