test3 - Early Renaissance-1400-1500-Florence was start...

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Early Renaissance -1400-1500 -Florence was start of “new Athens” Humanism Emphasis on individualism, secularism, science, technology, and outgrowth of scholasticism. Artistic Inventions -Oil Painting technique -Scientific linear perspective -Print making, printing press -All within 25 years Middleclass Patronage Started in late medieval times, wanted more. Were able to have statues sponsored. Status of Artist Making convincing arguments about intellects and craftsman. Unique creative genius and no one else has these ideas. Can create tension between patron and artist. Arnolfini Portrait -Period: Early Renaissance (1400-1500) -Artist: Van Eyck (Flanders) -Technique: Oil Painting on wood panel -Subject Matter: Double portrait. Man with soon to be wife. Ordinary room with ordinary objects infused with symbolic meaning. -Style: Ultra Realism -Patron: Man in painting, middle class merchant. -Materials: Mix pigment with lintseed, brush. Tribute Money -Period: Early Renaissance (1400-1500) -Artist: Masaccio, Italian -Technique: Fresco -Subject Matter: Life of Christ, miracle taking place, religious with scientific space. -Style: Invention of linear perspective -Patron: Middle class Italian merchant in Florence, wanted family chapel decorated. Materials: Paint and wet plaster.
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High Renaissance -1500-1520 -Time for looking for perfection, idealism and innovation. Adam and Eve -Period: High Renaissance (1500-1520) -Artist: Durer (German) -Technique: Engraving, invention of graphic arts and printmaking. Works of art made on paper with a machine. -Subject Matter: Religious, old testament, traditional. Self Portrait -Period: High Renaissance (1500-1520) -Artist: Anguissola (Italian) -Subject Matter: Portrait of herself - 1 st Italian woman artist to establish international significance. The Last Supper -Period: High Renaissance (1500-1520) -Artist: Leonardo da Vinci (Italian) -Technique: experimented, combo of oil paint & tempura on dry wall. -Subject Matter: Last supper, Christ and his disciples. Broke rule of separating Judas from group. -Style: Scientific, linear perspective. -Function: Decorate dining room of a monastery -Location: Milan, Italy -Patron: Royal Duke of Milan School of Athens -Period: High Renaissance (1500-1520) -Artist: Raphael (Italian) -Technique: Fresco
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-Subject Matter: Symbolies classical learning of Roman and greek philosophy. -Function: Decorate library, symbolize church law in existence -Location: Rome, Vatican Library -Patron: Pope Julius II -Materials: Paint and damp plaster. David -Period: High Renaissance (1500-1520) -Artist: Michelangelo (Italian) -Technique: Carving -Subject Matter: Religious, old testament hero. Good vs. evil. Symbolizes independent spirit of Florence.
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