Federalist Papers essay1

Federalist Papers essay1 - A Stable, Legitimate Government...

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A Stable, Legitimate Government A true democracy promotes liberty and equality in which every citizen has a vote. Democracy, in its purest form, is a government created by and for the people. Democracy looks to ensure basic human rights and equality before the law. Unlike other governments, such as monarchies, which give power primarily to the rich aristocrats, democracy provides every citizen with an influence towards their government regardless of their place and status in society. Federalist, however, with their knowledge of previous attempts of democracy in history, realized the problem of a pure democracy. The Federalists, as well as the founding fathers, created a Constitution that would make the United States a republic full of representatives to protect minority rights and provide checks and balances. In response to the critics of the Constitution, Federalists Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison wrote The Federalist Papers , eighty-five essays advocating the ratification of the Constitution, in order to illuminate the benefits of the new Constitution and described how it established a stable, legitimate government that protected every citizen’s rights. Knowing that a national government was needed to help build a successful economy while also providing security against external and internal aggression, Federalists, through their essays, described how the Constitution was not only the best liberal constitution ever created, but that it also created a system of government that protected minority rights, as well as preventing an illegitimate power from usurping the government from the people. Federalist argued that, because political power and factions were so divided, the new Constitution provided America with a stable and authoritative government.
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In Federalist 9 , Alexander Hamilton describes the failures of democracies in Greece and Italy. He points out that, through agitation built from factions, ancient democracies “were kept in a state of perpetual vibration between the extremes of tyranny and anarchy.” 1 Hamilton regarded factions, which James Madison defines in Federalist 10 as a “number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse or passion, or of interest, adverse the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community,” as a vice and even as a destructive force towards liberal democracy. 2
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course RLST 201 taught by Professor Elliot during the Fall '07 term at Kenyon.

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Federalist Papers essay1 - A Stable, Legitimate Government...

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