Suleyman Final

Suleyman Final - The Post-Classical Transformation of the...

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The Post-Classical Transformation of the Ottoman Empire In the mid-sixteenth century, the reign of Suleyman the ‘Magnificent’ over the Ottoman Empire has been characterized within the empire as the “golden age.” However, after Suleyman’s death, many historians have concluded that the Ottomans underwent a “period of decline.” In the post-Suleymanic Ottoman world, some historians argue that, because of poor leadership, military failures, and the inflation of currency, the Ottoman Empire began to deteriorate leading to its ultimate dissolution in 1922. In his book The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe , Historian Daniel Goffman refutes this generalization stating that seventeenth century Ottoman history is not only too complicated to be generalized so simplistically, but also that the Ottomans “enjoyed some notable successes” during the supposed decline. (Goffman, 192). Goffman points out that the empire was able to survive through multiple crises, which in ways strengthened and actually accelerated integration. Goffman argues that the Ottomans experienced an economic and political transformation that faced adversity but was not an absolute decline. The reign of Suleyman I was very influential for the Ottoman Empire and its culture. Suleyman ruled the Ottoman Empire for forty-six years, which is “longer than any other sultan.” (Finkel, 116). Because of his successful conquests in the Middle East, North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Europe, he is known as Suleyman the ‘Magnificent’ in the western world. Suleyman, however, was known as Suleyman the ‘Lawmaker’ in the Ottoman world. Suleyman finalized the kunani osami (Ottoman laws), which 1
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provided legislative principles for the empire on matters such as taxation and affairs concerning the minority population. Suleyman also significantly increased the power and influence politically of women in the Imperial Harem. Suleyman is widely regarded as
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Suleyman Final - The Post-Classical Transformation of the...

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