1. Evian Conference:
During the 1930s in Germany, Nazis, especially through the
Nuremberg Laws, made life for the German Jews extremely difficult. German Jews were
encouraged to leave Germany and to migrate to another country. By 1938, about 150,000
Jews had fled Germany seeking another country to welcome them. Because of the strict
immigration laws in the United States and political pressure of the depression, Franklin
Delano Roosevelt called for an international conference in 1938. On July 8
representatives from thirty-two countries met in Evian, France to discuss the immigration
of the many Jewish refugees. The meeting lasted nine days. During the meeting, each
country expressed their sympathetic feelings for the Jewish refugees, but many, including
the United States, made excuses on why they could not accept the refugees into their
country. Even, after Kristallnacht, the United States continued to practice strict
immigration laws for Western Europeans and Jews.
2. The Rape of Nanking:
During 1937 and 1938, the Japanese invaded Nanking, the
Chinese capital city, and slaughtered and raped the inhabitants. The Japanese massacred
over three-hundred thousand Chinese during the invasion. Many of the victims were
beheaded, disemboweled, or buried alive. Woman and children were used as sex slaves to
the Japanese and tens of thousands of woman were gruesomely raped and sodomized.
Many of the women were mutilated by having their breasts cut off. Japanese soldiers
would have competitions with each other on how many Chinese they could mutilate and
behead. The Rape of Nanking was disregarded by many Western nations and still to this
day the Japanese government refuses to acknowledge that the event happened and have
not apologized to the Chinese for the terrible atrocities they committed during this event.
3. The Nuremberg Laws
In 1935 at Nuremberg, the Nazi party announced new laws
against the Jewish community. The laws were enforced on any person who had three or
four Jewish grandparents, whether they practiced the Jewish religion or not. The laws
prevented the Jewish community from becoming Reich citizenship and from marrying or
having any sexual relation with a German or related blood. Any Jewish person who broke
this law was subject to either hard labor or imprisonment.
The Nuremberg Laws
displayed how Jews were not welcome in Germany under Nazi rule.
The Versailles Treaty:
The Treaty of Versailles officially ended World War I by
delegating punishments to the losers of the Great War. The treaty involved thirty-two
countries across the world, but only really involved the five main countries responsible
for defeating the Central Powers: Great Britain, America, France, Italy, and Japan.
Germany was not allowed to take part in the peace process and was not invited to France.