the republic summary

the republic summary - Summary of Plato's The Republic Book...

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Summary of Plato’s The Republic Book 1: Book begins with Socrates and Glaucon being detained at the Piraeus in Polemarchus’ house. Socrates talks to Polemarchus about justice, saying that it is a matter of giving what is appropriate to anyone, as in being bad to enemies and good to friends But in saying that, he asks in what context. He asks whether the just person is also the best at injustice. He also asks how one can decide who is a friend or an enemy and if it is just to treat an enemy badly. Thrasymachus then comments on Socrates version of justice by saying that justice is what is good for the stronger and that the stronger do not make mistakes. Thrasymachus tries to support his idea by saying that a shepherd does not question what is good for his sheep. Socrates then retorts that the shepherd is concerned for his ability to make a living over the sheep’s lives. He then states how the best rulers are the ones who are reluctant to rule. He gives three examples of the just life over the
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