07 - religion and the rise of capitalism introduction and...

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9/18/07 religion and the rise of capitalism - introduction and definitions - religion and the ruling ideology - calvin and 16 th century Geneva, Switzerland - weber’s spirit of capitalism - adam smith’s religious market theory - religion and politics in the US Definition of religion, continued - “a religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things…beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them” Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, pg. 65 - two part definition: a. functional (social integration), and b. substantive (sacred) U.S. has secular government with religious influences - Kramnick & Moore (2005) The godless constitution ; how a secular government was created amidst religious debate - religion is part of “b” where a b; social being determines social conscious; religion is a passive force John Calvin: social reformer in 16 th century Geneva, Switzerland - Geneva: financial center and commodity trading center - 16 th century was the “autumn of feudalism” (Tawney): rising prosperity,
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