neo realism, neo-liberalism, and collective security in international politics

Neo realism, neo-liberalism, and collective security in international politics

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Neo-Realism, Neo-Liberalism, and Collective Security in International Politics After the World Wars, different theories were created regarding international relations and ways to prevent a future war between great powers. The theories of neo- realism and neo-liberalism and the concept of collective security provide their own explanation of roles that states should undertake in modern international politics. Through their different viewpoints, each theory gives its own interpretation on the philosophies of individual nations and their function in global cooperation. The three provide very different views of international politics with neo-realist believing in balancing of power and relative-gains, neo-liberalists believing in economic cooperation and absolute-gains, and collective security calling for the need to settle disputes peacefully and for “responsible” states align themselves against “troublesome” aggressors. Each theory has strengths and weaknesses, yet all are considered in global politics. Neo-realism, outlined by Kenneth N. Waltz in 1979, follows the realest theory that nations act out of their best interest for survival, while also expressing that states attempt to keep a balance of power within the international world. In his article False Promise of International Institutions , neo-realist John Mearsheimer introduces realism by stating that, “[it paints a rather grim picture of world politics.” (M, 9). He continues by saying that realism does not see a world where states do not compete for power. Realism makes five assumptions about the international system: that the system is anarchic and that there is no central authority, that states possess military capability towards other 1
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states, that no state can ever be certain about another states true intentions and that uncertainty is unavoidable, that states basic motive is survival and maintaining their sovereignty, and that states survival in the international system. From these assumptions, Mearsheimer expresses that, therefore, states will look out for their own self interests and that three behavioral patterns will result. He explains that states do not trust other nations and anticipate danger with suspicion, that each state aims to guarantee its own survival within the international system, and that each state will look to gain a relative power position over other states. As a result, realists believe that, when states cooperate with each other, they are looking to maximize their own profit in the interaction, while comparing their relative-gains to the other state. Classical realism stresses that state’s natural drive for power is the priority nations place in international relations, rather than structural constraint. Neo-realism adds on to the basic principals of classical realism. Neo-realism
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Neo realism, neo-liberalism, and collective security in international politics

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