The Mind-Body Problem - The mind-body problem A P L Your...

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The mind-body problem A P + L Your psych and physical states Not A Free actions are the undetermined ones, can’t control it (Lack of Control Objection). Theory of Agency (Agency Theory) pg. 61-62 How one would have control over an undetermined action You stand before an action, with all the prior conditions and laws of nature. Prior conditions contain all the historical things about you. But none of that determines what you’re going to do. You are something more than your physical and psychological states. You get to choose: a basic fact. Why? No explanation Nothing about your phys. Or psych state made you do it. The body is not problem, not philosophically No issue about you having a body We have internal parts as well, can be broken down into smaller parts Actual objects and things you can point to and locate. All undergo certain activities, outward or inward Mental item: thinking, memories, learning, attention, emotions, choosing, desires, beliefs, The actions, the behavior is the action of them both Two main aspects to our existence Dualism: there are two main aspects to our existence, there is a body which is physical, and there is the mind, which is non-physical Materialism: We are ultimately purely physical beings
We do have mental states, thoughts beliefs desires, we dream Physical states of the body So the mind is part o the body Digestion is a physical process of the body o Thinking and mentation is also a physical process o the body How does a mind relate to the body, they connect with one another Dualism If you give a complete physical description of the body you’ll a complete physical description of the mind. The mind is the physical operation of the brain Mental states are brain states Monosim, the opposite of dualism Idealism, the opposite of materialism, everything is purely mental Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Arguments for dualism, meditations from first philosopher Beliefs that cannot be doubted: indubitable beliefs Read page 63 & 64, 65-67 then meditation 2 11/4/2014 notes Indubitable = cannot be doubted Descartes believed that even the smartest of us gets things wrong sometimes We often makes mistakes- bothers Descartes Somehow we can renovated our belief system so we have as few false beliefs as possible, so we can get to the truth
Rebuild on a stronger foundation, then you’ll have a building at the end that is as flaw free as possible Do the same thing with our system of beliefs= renovate. Strong belief= something we cannot doubt Put indubitable beliefs as our foundation of system of beliefs so there are fewer false beliefs and more true ones The things you can be sure of- the facts you can believe Scientists observes and do experiments and record results Seeing is believing?

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