The mind-body problem AP + LYour psych and physical states Not AFree actions are the undetermined ones, can’t control it (Lack of Control Objection).Theory of Agency (Agency Theory) pg. 61-62How one would have control over an undetermined actionYou stand before an action, with all the prior conditions and laws of nature. Prior conditions contain all the historical things about you. But none of that determines what you’re going to do.You are something more than your physical and psychological states.You get to choose: a basic fact. Why? No explanationNothing about your phys. Or psych state made you do it.The body is not problem, not philosophicallyNo issue about you having a bodyWe have internal parts as well, can be broken down into smaller partsActual objects and things you can point to and locate.All undergo certain activities, outward or inwardMental item: thinking, memories, learning, attention, emotions, choosing, desires, beliefs, The actions, the behavior is the action of them bothTwo main aspects to our existenceDualism: there are two main aspects to our existence, there is a body which is physical, and there is the mind, which is non-physicalMaterialism: We are ultimately purely physical beings
We do have mental states, thoughts beliefs desires, we dreamPhysical states of the bodySo the mind is part o the bodyDigestion is a physical process of the bodyoThinking and mentation is also a physical process o the bodyHow does a mind relate to the body, they connect with one anotherDualismIf you give a complete physical description of the body you’ll a complete physical description of the mind.The mind is the physical operation of the brainMental states are brain statesMonosim, the opposite of dualismIdealism, the opposite of materialism, everything is purely mentalRene Descartes (1596-1650)Arguments for dualism, meditations from first philosopherBeliefs that cannot be doubted: indubitable beliefsRead page 63 & 64, 65-67 then meditation 211/4/2014 notesIndubitable = cannot be doubtedDescartes believed that even the smartest of us gets things wrong sometimesWe often makes mistakes- bothers DescartesSomehow we can renovated our belief system so we have as few false beliefs as possible, so we can get to the truth
Rebuild on a stronger foundation, then you’ll have a building at the end that is as flaw free as possibleDo the same thing with our system of beliefs= renovate.Strong belief= something we cannot doubtPut indubitable beliefs as our foundation of system of beliefs so there are fewer false beliefs and more true onesThe things you can be sure of- the facts you can believeScientists observes and do experiments and record results Seeing is believing?