Module2RomanesqueArt - Module 2 Romanesque Gothic Art Romanesque Date Range 1000-1200 AD Romanesque In the Roman Manner Romanesque Key Ideas Romanesque

Module2RomanesqueArt - Module 2 Romanesque Gothic Art...

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Module 2: Romanesque & Gothic Art Romanesque Date Range: 1000-­‑1200 AD
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Romanesque “In the Roman Manner” “Romanesque”
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Key Ideas Romanesque art shows a revitalization of large-­‑scale architecture. Pilgrimages to sacred European shrines increase the flow of people and ideas around the continent. Romanesque churches develop their apse end to accommodate large crowds of pilgrims Church portal sculptures stress themes of Last Judgment and the need for salvation. Manuscript painting and weaving flourish as art forms.
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Historical Background Great migration over Universal triumph of Christianity in Europe Pope as leader Secular and religious authority intertwines Royal relatives à Bishops/abbots – clergy Monasticism Valuable social services Extension of developments established in Early Medieval Period Major landholders =political players Aristocratic families – joining religious orders Mini-­‑reform (Cluniacs and the Cistercians) Pilgrimages Crusades Cities expanding
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Feudalism:
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Pilgrimages
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Shrine to Saint James in the Cathedral of Saint James in Santiago de Compostela PLAN (A) AND RECONSTRUCTION DRAWING (B) OF THE CATHEDRAL OF ST. JAMES, SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA Galicia, Spain. 1078-1122; western portions later. View from the east. [Fig. 16-04a] PLAN (A) AND RECONSTRUCTION DRAWING (B) OF THE CATHEDRAL OF ST. JAMES, SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA Galicia, Spain. 1078-1122; western portions later. View from the east. [Fig. 16-04b]
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Pilgrimage to Saint James
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St. James Cathedral Exterior and Niche Statue
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Scallop shells – Badges
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Iconography of the Medieval Pilgrim Costume
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Pilgrim Badges
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Relics RELIQUARY STATUE OF SAINTE FOY (ST. FAITH) Abbey church, Conques, France. Late 9th or 10th century with later additions. Silver gilt over a wood core, with gems and cameos of various dates. Height 33" (85 cm). Church Treasury, Conques. [Fig. 16-07] Relic: Venerated object or body part associated with a holy figure, such as a saint.
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Relics RELIQUARY STATUE OF SAINTE FOY (ST. FAITH) Abbey church, Conques, France. Late 9th or 10th century with later additions. Silver gilt over a wood core, with gems and cameos of various dates. Height 33" (85 cm). Church Treasury, Conques. [Fig. 16-07] Relic: Venerated object or body part associated with a holy figure, such as a saint.
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Church of Sainte-­‑Foy, Conques, France, c.
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  • The Bible, Fig., Romanesque architecture, Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de los Caballeros, St. James, TRANSEPT INTERIOR

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