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kallioplis - Joseph McNamara Plsc 3360 Professor Carter The...

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Joseph McNamara 2/25/08 Plsc 3360 Professor Carter The kalliopolis? “For man, when perfected, is the best of animals, but, when separated from law and justice, he is the worst of all; since armed injustice is more dangerous” (Aristotle, 5). Aristotle takes a uniquely individualist approach when expressing his ideological tendencies. In the adherence to rationality, and a reasoned approach to constructing a good society, he denies a single point of morality, or the physical embodiment of a moral actor, to herald kalliopolis. Aristotle sought application of epistemological logic, and unlike the platonic imperative that mandates sophistic social organization, Aristotle’s denunciation of the conceptual philosopher king suggests that the common good is provided for when the interests of a factional society are not weighted by the influence of a given faction. The kalliopolis, according to Aristotle cannot exists, because the members of the glorious utopia are bound by interests outside the wisdom of the even the most virtuous leader. There are many differences in the epistemology found in Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Politics. Plato, in constructing his argument towards the kalliopolis does not base his claims off any past history or empirical data. The modes of logic utilized by each of the philosophers infer a unique but contrasting epistemological justification. Plato assumes that each being, each soul and its incarnation, contains at the conception of its
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form complete knowledge. As such, because each personal revelation of truth comes from internal deductive reasoning, understanding can be considered a form of memory recall; as a being utilizes reason and deconstructive questioning to determine truth, it reminds itself of that truth independent of the external stimuli that may generate normative psychic modeling. Aristotelian epistemology requires observation and experience of a concept to truly understand it. Knowledge is verified through analysis, and thusly, wisdom is gained through perusing a humanistic and intellectual approach to considerations. Aristotle places no value on those discoveries made of oneself in the vacuum of the hypothetical, or through those metaphysical flights of deductive amelioration. Without some means of application, knowledge is non-existent, or not relevant for further philosophical study. While both Plato and Aristotle regard men higher than either women or children they do have conflicting views on the male’s role in society. In Plato’s Republic the women and children live separate from the men. There were no unions between men and women, who were considered communal. “That all these women are to belong in common to all men, that none are to live privately with any man, and that the children,
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