DURKHEIM AND SOLIDARITYMechanical SolidarityIn primarily traditional societiesSharing of resourcesSimilar roles breeds communityLimit: Rarely extends beyond relatively small groupsOrganic SolidarityIn more advanced societiesDivision of laborDifferent roles create dependencyLimit: Alienation?
CRITICAL QUESTIONS1.Does Durkheim’s focus on conformity (and early functionalism, ingeneral) undermine social advancement? Y: If, that is, “social advancement” is viewed as resulting purely from conflict. Conflict is viewed as a threat to social stability in early funct (later, discussion of ‘functions of conflict’).2.Does it reify poverty and inequality? Y: Durkheim: poverty is a good restraint Y: Davis and Moore (1945): See Farganis pp 183-191.
MORE QUESTIONS…3.Does early functionalism hinder the eradication of poverty and extreme inequality?Y: If conflict is viewed as the sole means through which such change could occur.