HISTORY QUIZ 2 REVIEW

HISTORY QUIZ 2 REVIEW - HISTORY QUIZ 2 REVIEW 1. Loyalists:...

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HISTORY QUIZ 2 REVIEW 1. Loyalists: People who supported the crown’s policies 2. Stamp Act (1765): a way to get money from the colonists to pay for the war a. Required stamps on items like cigarettes, contracts, land deeds, liquor licenses, indentures, newspapers, almanacs, and playing cards b. Colonial lawyers and printers to purchase stamps from designated agents c. Official stamp distributor receives a handsome fee from all stamp sales d. Sons of Liberty opposed the stamp act and organized protests 3. Townshend Duties: this created new duties on colonial imports of glass, paint, lead, paper, and tea a. Proceeds to be spent in the colonies for “the administration of justice, and the support of civil government” b. The act removed from colonial legislatures one of their strongest bargaining tools in dealing with the crown; the power to pa of withhold yearly salaries for key officials sent from Britain c. Boycotted British goods 4. Boston Massacre: a. A crowd gathered outside the customs house b. A sentry stuck a boy with his rifle butt and an angry witness pelted the guard with snowballs c. Fellow soldiers pushed through the mob to assist him and summoned more people to the scene d. The British loaded their rifles and aimed at the crowd and fired 5. Boston Tea Party: a. A group of 150 men dressed as Mohawk Indians carried hatchets and marched to the docks and boarded the ships b. The crew spent three hours breaking open chests of tea and dumping the contents overboard 6. Coercive (Intolerable) Acts: a. The Boston Port Act: Used British naval strength to cut off the offending towns sea commerce until the colonists paid for the ruined tea b. The Administration of Justice Act: soldiers charged with murder in Massachusetts (as in the Boston Massacre) could have their trials moved to another colony or Britain c. The Quartering Act: gave officers more power to requisition living quarters and supplies for their troops throughout the colonies d. The Massachusetts Government Act: removed democratic elements from the long standing Massachusetts Charter of 1691. Now the governor would appoint council members and he would forbid town meetings unless he gave written permission e. All these acts brought about an open rebellion against the crown rule 7. Common Sense : Thomas Paine 1776 a. attacked hereditary monarchy and the divine right of kings b. urged the creation of an independent constitutional republic 8. Lord Dunmore: a. Governor of Virginia b. Offered freedom to slaves who took up arms for the British 9. Declaration of Independence: document declaring the US’s independence from Britain a. Signed by John Hancock in 1776 b. Congress members edited the document submitted by the committee of five c. Congress kept Jefferson’s assertion that “all men are created equal” 10. Pennsylvania State Constitution
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a. Very influenced by Thomas Payne
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HISTORY QUIZ 2 REVIEW - HISTORY QUIZ 2 REVIEW 1. Loyalists:...

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