PSCI3810.Midterm.Notes

PSCI3810.Midterm.Notes - 19JUN2007 Conflict-To come into...

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19JUN2007 Conflict -To come into collision or disagreement; be contradictory, at variance, or in opposition; clash Cooperation Conflict Force (violence, harm) War The Fascination -Media -Sensuality -Ingenuity -Super-human feats -Glory and gore -High stakes Types of Political Conflict -Diplomatic disagreements -Defection from agreements -Sanctions -Censure and argument -Failure to recognize Coercion without force -typically involves economic sanctions aimed at inflicting economic deprivation on a state -imposed as a means of: --forcing compliance --generating subversion --providing deterrence --symbolism Failure of sanctions -Economic sanctions rarely work --Cuba, Iraq, USSR, --Often employed in situations where they are least likely to succeed --often harm the industries of the initiator --sanctions can actually strengthen the target Force -Destruction -Intended to harm (violent) -Does not necessarily mean death
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Levels of force -Defense --ward off attack --minimize damage to self -Deterrence -Compellence --to compel a response -Swaggering What is war? Tough question -True vs. stipulative definitions -definition affects our view of the phenomenon -can animals war? -Is a duel war? -Must wars involve death? War as aberration -War as the breakdown of politics- Easter Island War as politics -Cicero- War is “contending by force” --trying to get something --using a special means -Hugo Grotius --“a legal condition between juridical equals that is declared and which regulates the way those contending by armed force may behave” -Thus war is a contest -the rules of a contest will change over time -war is bound by law. What does that imply? -Are there forms of warfare not bound by law? Terrorism -no military representation -civilian targets -no military objectives Nature of Terrorism -Terrorism blurs the line of between interstate and intrastate conflct -Terrorist killing is instrumental in nature-it is intended to send a message -intended to be more symbolic than strategic Types of Terrorist Groups -Religious based -Ideologically -Ethnically based
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War as politics: -Hedley Bull (1966) --War is organized violence carried on by political units against each other -Collective violence distinguishes it form conflict -Organized- means it is ordered and directed -Distinctively political -Margaret Mead --war is a social invention used in particular times --It is learned -- It is human -Clausewitz (1832) --War is a mere continuation of policy by other means.” --War is therefore an act act of violence intended to compel our opponent to fulfill our will --Why is violence an attractive policy instrument? ---It is easy Is war erotic? -Freud- the death instinct trying to destroy the life instinct -War as a state of mind --Hostility- to be “at war” --Confusion- to be a Hobbesian state --Frustration- she is battling hard -war is “a force that gives us meaning” -War is something that men love War -Group activity -contention over objects of value -social invention -political use of force -territorial in spirit -insecurity produced by violence
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course PSCI 3810 taught by Professor Erumsheikh during the Summer '08 term at North Texas.

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PSCI3810.Midterm.Notes - 19JUN2007 Conflict-To come into...

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