April 10 Notes Roman

April 10 Notes Roman - Notes, April 10 Eastern Provinces of...

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Notes, April 10 Eastern Provinces of the Roman Empire Previous empires had ruled over East (ex: Alexander, whom they regarded as a god) Athens—not as important of an autonomous political center by Roman Empire (1 st C BC – 3 rd C AD) -Arch of Hadrian -part of a wall dividing old city from new -Roman style arch -2 nd story built only straight up and sideways (Greek style) -pedestals with columns thrust out (purely decorative) – using old elements in a non- traditional way -inscription on old side attributed that portion of the city to Theseus, the one on the new side to Hadrian -Temple of Olympian Zeus—begun under Peisistratids in 6 th C BC -completed by Hadrian the Philhellene in 131-132 AD -MASSIVE -marble blocks connected by iron dowels (Classical style of building—shows architectural reverence, just like when Hadrian rebuilt Agrippa’s pantheon and left the inscription as was… this is clearly a recurring theme with Hadrian) Ephesus—W. coast of Turkey -Christian connections (Apostle Paul) -Lots of Christian monuments -Main building material: cut stone (NOT concrete—recurring theme!) -Library of Celsus—built for a father by his son, atop his tomb, which was INSIDE city limits… father was a consul in Rome (enough honor to let him be buried in the city)
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course CLCV 218 taught by Professor Becker during the Spring '08 term at William & Mary.

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April 10 Notes Roman - Notes, April 10 Eastern Provinces of...

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