Chapter 1 CHAPTER 1 – THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE AND RESEARCH PROCESS LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1.Explain what sociology can contribute to our understanding of social life.2.Explore the historical context in which sociological thinking developed.3.Distinguish between theoretical approaches that focus on societal stability as opposed to social change.4.Discuss how industrialization and urbanization influenced theorists such as Weber and Simmel. 5.Identify key differences in functionalist, conflict, symbolic interactionist, and postmodern perspectives on social life. 6.Explain the steps in the conventional research model and define the key concepts in this process.7.Compare methods used in survey research, secondary analysis, field research, and experiments.8.Discuss ethical issues in research and identify codes that protect research participants. MULTIPLE CHOICE SECTION 1.Sociology is defined as the __________. a.systematic study of human society and social interactionb.analysis of deviant groups and individualsc.scientific analysis of premodern peopled.academic discipline that examines individual human behaviorAnswer: a Page: 5 LO: 1 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: Pickup 2.A __________ is a large social grouping that shares the same geographical territory and issubject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. b Page: 5 LO: 1 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: Pickup 3.When studying the problem of suicide, sociologists are most interested in explaining its __________. c Page: 5 LO: 1 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: New
The Sociological Perspective and Research Process 4.__________ refers to the fact that the lives of people everywhere are intertwined closely so that one nation's problems are part of a much larger global context. c Page: 5 LO: 1 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: Pickup 5.People throughout the world share the same biosphere; environmental pollution in one area may have an adverse effect on people in other places. This makes environmental problems an example of __________. a.international interlockb.universal cooperationc.societal cohesivenessd.global interdependenceAnswer: d Page: 5 LO: 1 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: Modified
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