stemcellresearch

stemcellresearch - In recent years scientists have learned...

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In recent years scientists have learned a great deal about stem cells. Due to advancements in both research and technology, researchers have found different types of stem cells which may prove even more effective than cells taken from embryos—cells that have caused considerable debate in America. Using these newly discovered cells for medical purposes would diminish the constant political debate over the morality of using embryos for, what some consider being, an unethical research practice. In light of these new discoveries and as a result of the ethical dilemma surrounding human life, federal funding for embryonic stem cell research would be irresponsible. Within the last decade, there have been multiple advances in the field of biological research. In 1997, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions discovered the beneficial abilities of stem cells to differentiate into other body cells, thus being capable of replacing disease damaged cells. Within the human body, there are multiple types of stem cells with different specific functions. Currently, there are several stem cells found to be more compatible than others, such as adult, embryonic, and umbilical chord stem cells. Research suggests embryonic stem cells are more capable of transforming into a broad variety of cells. However, the research using these cells involves the experimentation and destruction of human embryos and potential human lives. This clearly creates an object of public debate and controversy. Besides the public controversy, embryonic stem cells have failed to live up to their successful names. They were claimed to be the blank slate of all cells, capable of replicating themselves into 220 types of cells, including blood, bone, organs, and nerves. The cells were deemed far more effective than adult or any other type of stem cell. However, their discovery occurred ten years ago, and since then, there has not been a
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reliable record of success. Researchers have yet to prove that human stem cells will, in fact, work. It has only been assumed based upon trials of rat cells. Additionally, there is no evidence drawn to prove that embryonic stem cells are any better than adult. In fact, embryonic stem cell uses have been shown to cause tumor formations and cell rejections. These serious side effects that should be questioned and considered to even ban their use
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course EN 101 taught by Professor Redden during the Spring '08 term at West Point.

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stemcellresearch - In recent years scientists have learned...

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