Lect1_anat_terms_-_notes - Lecture 1 Anatomical Terms and...

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1 Lecture 1 – Anatomical Terms and Definitions • Anatomical position • Directional terms • Planes and axes of motion • Joint actions The Anatomical Position ANATOMICAL TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Body postures Supine Prone Directional Terms Proximal Distal Medial Lateral Anterior Posterior Superior Inferior Directional Terms Palmar Dorsal Superficial Deep Plantar Dorsal Caudal Cranial
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2 anterior (ventral) posterior (dorsal) dorsal plantar cranial caudal Forearm Arm Directional Terms Valgus Varus distal segment deviates (angled)… distal segment deviates … knee a.k.a. genu “bow-legged” normal knee a.k.a. genu “knock-kneed” Rearfoot (ankle) How about “cubitus valgus”? a.k.a. excessive carrying angle of the elbow Directional Terms Contralateral Ipsilateral Example: A stroke affecting the right side of the brain may cause movement dysfunction in the limbs on the contralateral side (i.e., left arm and leg), whereas the ipsilateral side often is not directly affected.
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3 Planes and Axes of Motion • Most body segment movements involve rotation about joints, e.g., – Elbow flexion and extension – Shoulder abduction and adduction • Planes and axes of motion provide additional anatomical descriptive terms for indicating direction and orientation Transverse or horiz- ontal plane: divides the body into Frontal or coronal
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course KINES 202 taught by Professor Monk,susanvirgin during the Spring '06 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Lect1_anat_terms_-_notes - Lecture 1 Anatomical Terms and...

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