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lecture+5 - Week III Baroque culture(17th-century Italy...

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Week III - Baroque culture (17th-century Italy) Lecture 5 : Caravaggio - The contrast between Michelangelo’s conception of the ceiling and the Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel demonstrates that there was no one single way of representing the world in painting. Style is relative, relational and situational. Pontormo, Entombment , 1525-28. Oil on panel. Capponi Chapel, Church of Santa Felicità, Florence - In the aftermath of the Protestant Reformation and the crisis of iconoclasm (destruction of religious images), the Roman Catholic Church reformed the use of religious objects and reasserted the power of devotional art. Niccolò Circignani (Pomarancio), Martyrdom cycle , Santo Stefano Rotondo, Rome, 1583 - As a response to the mandate of the Counter-Reformation (see Council of Trent), Caravaggio applied a set of skills from still life and genre painting to ambitious history painting in important chapels. - Caravaggio’s innovative treatment of light and shadow (see tenebrism ) was a response to the demands these ambitious commissions put upon his limited training and lack of facility in history painting. The radical shift from light to dark produced
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